Kodo millet ( Tamil-Varagu, Telugu-Arikelu, Kannada-Arka, Hindi-Kodon) is a minor grain crop which is enclosed in hard, corneous, persistent husks that are difficult to remove. It is a tufted grass the colour of which varies from light red to dark grey. Being very rich in dietary fibre and protein and it is a good substitute for paddy rice. In addition to all the general millet characteristics (gluten-free, low glycemic index, high fibre, etc), Kodo millet has a high antioxidant content.
Kodo millet is used in everything from bread to couscous ?and as cereal grain. It is ground into flour and used to make pudding. It is also a good choice for animal fodder for cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry.
Calorific value: 100 grams offers 353 kcal Energy.
Protein-8.3g, Fat-3.6g, Fiber-9g, Carbohydrates-65g, Vitamins: Thiamine-15mg, Niacin-2mg Minerals: Calcium-35mg , Iron-0.5mg, Phosphorus-188mg.
Kodo millet(Varagu) has bioactive compounds as it is rich in phenolic and flavonoid content. These are powerful antioxidants that protect the body from cancer, premature ageing and oxidative stress. It is low in fat, high in fiber. So, Kodo millet is ideal for controlling blood sugar. It keeps one satiated for a very long time. Also, it is an apt weight loss food. The paste made of mixing kodo millet with water when applied as a poultice on the wounds which accelerates wound healing. Kodo millet has a soothing effect on both the stomach and mind. Being rich in fiber, it prevents constipation too.