Cumin(Tamil-Seeragam, Seer-In order+agam-Internal organs) is the dried seed of the herb Cuminum cyminum. It is an important component of curry powder and ?garam masala?. They are usually available dried or ground to a brownish-green powder. Cumin seeds are generally available in three colours- amber, white and black. The amber seeds are the most common. Cumin has been used for thousands of years as a traditional ingredient in many recipes and forms the basis of many other spice blends.
Cumin seed is used as a spice for its distinctive flavour and aroma. It is an ingredient in chilli powder and is often combined with coriander seeds in a powdered mixture, dhana jeera. It helps to add an earthy and warming feeling to food, making it a staple in many stews, soups, curry, chilli, pickles and pastries.
Calorific value: 100 grams offers 375 kcal Energy.
Carbohydrates-44.24g, Sugars-2.25g, Dietary fibre-10.5g, Fat-22.27g, Saturated-1.535g, Monounsaturated-14.04g, Polyunsaturated-3.279g, Protein-17.81g, Vitamins: Vitamin A equiv.-64?g(8%), beta-carotene-762?g(7%), Vitamin A-1270 IU, Thiamine (B1)-0.628 mg(55%), Riboflavin (B2)-0.327 mg(27%), Niacin (B3)-4.579mg(31%), Vitamin B6-0.435mg(33%), Folate (B9)-10 ?g(3%), Choline-24.7mg(5%), Vitamin C-7.7 mg(9%), Vitamin E-3.33mg(22%), Vitamin K-5.4?g(5%), Minerals: Calcium-931mg(93%), Iron-66.36mg(510%), Magnesium-931mg(262%), Manganese-3.333mg(159%), Phosphorus-499mg(71%), Potassium-1788mg(38%), Sodium-168mg(11%), Zinc-4.8mg(51%), Other constituents: Water-8.06g
Cumin is an excellent source of iron which prevents anemia. It is very much useful in relieving indigestion. Cumin improves immunity and treats insomnia (loss of sleep), respiratory disorders like asthma, bronchitis and skin disorders like boils. ?Cumin is associated with anti-obesity effects. It protects kidney and prevents kidney stones.