Cardamom (otherwise known as Elettaria and Amomum) is a seed with a strong taste and an intense flavour. It is an expensive spice used in many South Indian dishes.
Cardamom seeds are used to add flavour to both foods (like Biriyani, Kesari, Pongal, etc.) and drinks (like tea, Payasam, Panagam etc.) as cooking spices and as a medicine.
Calorific value: 100 grams offers 311 ?kcal Energy.
Carbohydrates-68.47g(52.5%), Protein-10.76g(19%), Total Fat-6.7g(23%), Dietary Fiber-28g(70%), Vitamins: Niacin-1.102mg(7%), Pyridoxine-0.230mg(18%), Riboflavin-0.182mg(14%), Thiamin-198mg(16.5%), Vitamin C-21mg(35%), Electrolytes: Sodium-18mg(1%), Potassium-119mg(24%), Minerals: Calcium-383mg(38%), Copper-0.383mg(42.5%), Iron-13.97mg(175%), Magnesium-229mg(57%), Manganese-28mg(1217%), Phosphorus-178mg(25%), Zinc-7.47mg(68%)
Green cardamom is widely used to treat infections of the teeth and gums. It is also used against troubles of the throat, congestion of the lungs, inflammation of eyelids and also in digestive disorders. It has been used to break up kidney and gall stones. Cardomom is used in traditional medicine to treat stomach-aches, hiccups, constipation, dysentery, and other digestion problems. ?It provides relief from involuntary muscle spasms, like intestinal and stomach cramps. Cardomom removes excess urea, calcium and other toxins from the kidney. Many of the phytonutrients, vitamins and essential oils present in cardamom act as antioxidants. It is a good home remedy for cold and flu and is best used in relieving asthmatic attacks.