Fennel seed / Sombu is a spicy seed with strong taste and excellent aroma (similar to taste and flavour of star anise) used throughout the world in cooking spicy food. Adding fennel to dishes not only increases the taste but also the nutritive value.
Fennel seeds are used in preparing pulav, biriyani, kuruma, gravies, soups and all other spicy dishes. They are used as sweetener and breath freshner too.
Calorific value: 100 grams offers 345 ?kcal Energy.
Carbohydrates-52g, Dietary fiber-40g, Fat-14.9g, Saturated-0.5g, Monounsaturated-9.9g, Polyunsaturated-1.7g, Protein-15.8g, Vitamins: Thiamine B1-0.41mg(36%), Riboflavin B2-0.35mg(29%), Niacin B3-6.1mg(41%), Vitamin B6-0.47mg(36%), Vitamin C-21mg(25%), Minerals: Calcium-1196mg(120%), Iron-18.5mg(142%), Magnesium-385mg(108%), Manganese-6.5mg(310%), Phosphorus-487mg(70%), Potassium-1694mg(36%), Sodium-88mg(6%), Zinc-4mg(42%).
Fennel is used for various digestive disorders like heartburn, intestinal gas, bloating, loss of appetite, and colic in infants. It is also used for upper respiratory tract infections, coughs, bronchitis, cholera, backache, bedwetting. Women use fennel for increasing the flow of breast milk, promoting menstruation, easing the delivery, and increasing sex drive. Its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties soothe sore gums. Fennel is used to relieve irritable bowel. In addition to preventing and relieving water retention, fennel helps to remove toxins and reduces the risk of urinary tract infections.